Built on the ancient city of Samos (the remains of which are on the UNESCO World Heritage List), the idyllic and cosmopolitan Pythagorion is distinguished by its superb architecture, picturesque cobbled streets, and attractive squares with traditional cafes. The port is dominated by an imposing statue of Pythagoras, while attractions such as the old boatyard, Logothetis’ Tower, and the Archaeological Museum make it a place of international renown.
Samos Archaeological Museum
The museum houses a major collection of archaic sculpture. Its most prominent exhibit is a colossal 5.5-metre-high Kouros (a statue of a young man), the largest surviving in Greece.
The most important and commanding temple of its time, according to Herodotus, was dedicated to the goddess Hera and consisted of 115 giant Ionic columns. Today, only one remains, rising to half its original height. At the archaeological site, you will see parts of the magnificent Sacred Way, which ran along the south coast between the Heraion and the ancient capital of Samos at Pythagorion.
The Tunnel of Eupalinos
This extraordinary 6th-century-BC aqueduct was built by the architect Eupalinos. It measures 1036 metres in length and bores through Mount Kastro 189 metres below the summit, testifying to the extensive knowledge of Greek engineers of that time. The aqueduct was in use until the Roman era.
According to legend, the great mathematician took refuge in this cave at the foot of Mount Kerkis to escape persecution by the tyrant Polycrates. The location is near Kampos Marathokampou and requires a climb of 300 steps. A lovely little chapel dedicated to the Virgin Mary stands at its entrance.
United Winemaking Agricultural Cooperative of Samos - The Museum of Samos Wine
Housed in an old private winery in Malagari, this excellent museum takes visitors on a unique journey into the history of Samian wine. A rich collection of exhibits brings to life every detail of the time-honoured art of winemaking. Don’t miss the fascinating display of how vines are cultivated on terraces.
Built on a green hill above the port, the fairy-tale quarter of Ano Vathy is the jewel in the crown of Samos Town. The charming settlement takes the breath away with its narrow streets, beautiful homes with tiled roofs, carved wooden doors, and pretty churches with delightful frescoes. It is worth seeing the historic twin-domed church of Ai Yannakis (Saint John), which dates from 1799.
The Mountain Villages of Samos
Scattered on hillsides with luxuriant vegetation and views of the Aegean, the island’s mountain villages are cultural treasures of the Samian countryside. In particular, it is worth discovering stone-built Manolates with its many arts and crafts workshops and views of the Asia Minor coast; medieval Vourliotes, which has the oldest monastery on the island, the historic Our Lady Vrontiani (1566); Ambelos, a gem surrounded by vineyards; and scenic Marathokampos, with its narrow cobbled streets, stone houses and squares with ornate fountains.
The Karlovassi Waterfalls
Among the most impressive sights in the mountains of Samos is the Karlovassi Waterfalls, which flow through a landscape of towering centuries-old trees.
Pythagorion Archaeological Museum
This outstanding museum, which opened in 2009, tells the absorbing story of Samos from prehistoric to Byzantine times, vividly conveying all its past grandeur.